October 23 – 27 is Open Access Week 2017! Open Access Week is a global event promoting (1) the open access to information, (2) immediate and free online access to the results of scholarly research, and (3) the right to use and re-use those results as needed. This Open Access Week we’re reposting an introduction to open access, originally posted on our blog in October 2015.
Editor’s Note: Today we are pleased to bring you the following post from guest blogger, Sarah Norris, Scholarly Communications Librarian at UCF. Sarah is the University Libraries’ resident expert in all things related to scholarly communication and open access outreach efforts. You can find out more about Sarah, including her contact information, on the UCF Libraries page.
The 9th Annual International Open Access Week will take place October 24-30, 2016. But what is Open Access? How does it apply to you? In this post, we will look at what Open Access is and how you can advocate for Open Access publishing options as authors and use Open Access materials as researchers.
Last week we presented an “EndNote Basics” BYOL Lunch & Learn. There’s a reason we’re trying to tell all of our library users about EndNote: EndNote is a powerful tool for managing citations, organizing bibliographies and references, and for editing manuscripts. EndNote, RefWorks, and Mendeley (all similar, competing tools) are often referred to as “reference management software” or “citation management software,” but these phrases don’t do EndNote justice. If you’re still writing papers without the use of EndNote, here is what you’ve been missing!
Editor’s Note: For this month’s edition of Copyright Conundrums, we are pleased to bring you the following post from guest blogger, Sarah Norris, Scholarly Communications Librarian at UCF. Sarah is the University Libraries’ resident expert in all things related to scholarly communication and open access outreach efforts. You can find out more about Sarah, including her contact information, on the UCF Libraries page.
In the Copyright Conundrums blog posts series, we discussed the basics of copyright and answered some of your frequently asked copyright questions. In this post, we’re going to expand on copyright and your rights as an author, including ways in which you can retain the copyright ownership of your work(s) when submitting them for publication.
In academia there are few things worse than reading the words “We’re sorry, but your manuscript was not accepted for publication.” Don’t bury your head in the sand and give up! We’re here to help you look upward and onward on your road to “Getting Published.” Here are the top 5 ways to deal with rejection when a journal editor turns down your paper.
Congratulations, you’ve submitted your paper for publication! Now the waiting game begins. We can thank (or blame) the peer review process for that. Peer review is certainly the crossroads on your path to Getting Published. Each month in our series we’ve been tackling an aspect of the publication process, including choosing the right journal, figuring out a journal’s scope, and deciphering author guidelines. Today we will attempt to demystify the peer review process.
It’s time for the second part of our continuing series of blog posts on citations!
If you’ll recall in our first session, we gave an overview of how to cite Government, Agency, or Organization reports and bulletins using the JAMA citation style, the official style of the American Medical Association (AMA). It’s back to the basics for this session, so we’ll go over a citation format you’ll likely find yourself using over and over again. Particularly because our library is 98% electronic and all of our journals can be accessed digitally, we think it’s appropriate to gain a good understanding of how to cite Electronic Articles from Online Journals. Here’s a link to the example document for this session: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/11/e006071.full
Elements used in Citing Journal Articles
According to the 10th edition of the AMA Manual of Style¹, references to electronic journal articles should usually include the following details:
- Authors’ last names and initials
- Title of article and subtitle (if any)
- Abbreviated name of journal
- Volume number
- Part or supplement number (if it would help to find the journal article again), and issue month or number
- Page numbers
- URL (electronic articles only)
- Accessed date (electronic articles only)
- DOI (electronic articles only)
Each element is followed by a period.
Using the example document for this session, we can find this information pretty easily on the webpage. The fields we need to fill can be addressed by examining the top portion of the article.
- The main author is Yue Leng, followed by a bunch of colleagues
- The title of the document is Daytime napping, sleep duration and serum C reactive protein: a population-based cohort study.
- The journal title is BMJ Open
- This was published in 2014
- This article was published in Volume 4
- The article can be found in Issue 11 of this journal
- The page numbers aren’t as obvious in this one, but can also be found at the top: e006071
- The URL can be taken from the web address: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/11/e006071.full
- The access date is whatever month, day, and year you accessed the document
- The Article DOI (or Digital Object Identifier) is doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006071
The Finished Citation
When put together as an actual citation, our journal article will look like this:
Leng Y, Ahmadi-Abhari S, Wainwright NWJ, et al. Daytime napping, sleep duration and serum C reactive protein: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open. 2014; 4(11): e006071. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006071
It’s important to note in this particular instance some adjustments to our completed citation. First, in regards to the treatment of the authors, the AMA Manual of Style dictates that in cases of more than 6 authors, only the first three should be included by name, followed by “et al” ². Second, it looks as though we’ve neglected to abbreviate the journal title, BMJ Open, but this title is actually already in the correct format. If ever you want to confirm the proper abbreviation for a journal title, you can check out the PubMed Journal Database for a list of abbreviations. Finally, you’ll note we will not need to include the details for spot 8 or 9 in our citation; if the article provides you with a DOI, the URL and date accessed fields are not necessary (in fact, it’s preferable if you don’t use the URL if possible). If the article didn’t have a DOI provided, you could attempt to look one up, or format the citation to include the URL and date accessed like so:
Leng Y, Ahmadi-Abhari S, Wainwright NWJ, et al. Daytime napping, sleep duration and serum C reactive protein: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open. 2014; 4(11): e006071. http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/4/11/e006071.full. Accessed November 13, 2014
You can learn more about citing electronic articles by visiting our JAMA Citation Library Guide and exploring the resources there, and also by accessing either the electronic copy of the AMA Manual of Style we have in our ebooks collection, or the two print copies available in our reference collection. You can also stop by the library and ask one of our library staff for additional help Monday through Friday 8-5. Happy citing!
1. Iverson C. Online journals. In: AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2007. http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/view/10.1093/jama/9780195176339.001.0001/med-9780195176339-div2-81#. Accessed November 13, 2014
2. Iverson C. Authors. In: AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2007. http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/view/10.1093/jama/9780195176339.001.0001/med-9780195176339-div1-38. Accessed November 13, 2014
A library patron asked this question that we thought would be useful to share:
“Are there any tools for students to use in order to detect how original their papers are?”
The answer? Yes! A quick Google search will bring up a few options students can utilize to detect plagiarism.
Plagiarism can be quickly defined as an act of fraud that involves a person stealing another person’s work, and then trying to pass it off as their own. A good and simple way to avoid this while writing is to cite your sources correctly. So far we have one blog post on correct citation formats; look out for more!
Below are a few websites that may be of use to you the next time you’re writing a paper.
- WriteCheck will check a single paper for plagiarism and grammar for $7.95, and will give you 3 resubmissions of that document. They have two other plans that are reasonably priced that will let you submit more papers.
- iThenticate will check a manuscript for $50 (must be 25,000 words and under). This would be useful if you were doing heavy-duty research.
- PaperRater is a free site, all you have to do is copy and paste your document into the website. A premium version of the site will check for plagiarism and proofread your paper.
- PlagScan is also a free site, and there is a max of 1,000 words that can be checked at a time.
Though two of the tools above require you to pay for their services, overall, you will likely receive a better and more thorough analysis of your paper through those than through the free sites as they probably have greater access to other documents to check against.
Professors and instructors will also often have written course assignments submitted through Turnitin.com, something you may notice in your courses in Canvas. Turnitin.com access is typically restricted to use by educators, however, so any of the other tools mentioned above will be your best bet.
Another great resource to check out is Plagiarism.org. The website contains excellent information on how to properly cite sources, paraphrase passages, quote material, and more. The UCF Writing Center also has a useful guide on plagiarism and misuse of sources in a handy PDF you can view.
We know many of our students are in the midst of their FIRE research this summer, so we thought we’d share this fun (and surprisingly informative) music video. Remember, it’s all very well and good to have excellent research to present. However, if you’re not careful, terrible grammar could ruin everything.
If you’d like some additional tips to make sure your grammar is flawless, there are some great resources available on the UCF University Writing Center website. Should you require any additional help with your writing, consultants are available to work with you in person, or online via Adobe Connect. We also hope to create some more posts on other aspects of writing, like using EndNote to manage your citations and bibliographies, so be on the lookout for those.