You Asked, We Answered: Copyright edition (Part I)

We’re taking time this week to answer some of the questions we get asked most frequently. Copyright questions are certainly at the top of the list. Today we tackle the basics of Fair Use.

Question: What is Fair Use?


Fair Use is an exception to the rights of copyright owners and allows the public to make limited uses of copyrighted work.

In determining whether a particular use is “Fair Use,” a court weighs four factors:

(1) Purpose and character of use (commercial or educational)

(2) Nature of the copyrighted work

(3) Amount and substantiality of portion used in relation to the work as a whole

(4) Effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of copyrighted work

Fair use is a balancing test – does the overall use after evaluating and applying all four factors lean in favor of or against fair use? As you can imagine, this is very fact-specific and there is no one right answer. The bottom line: think of fair use as a defense – it is always better to obtain permission or have a license to use copyrighted work (or use a work in the public domain); if not, then we may rely on fair use after balancing the four factors above.

For more information, check out:



Spotlight on Health: Stand up before you read this

Ever felt like this? Get up and walk around for a bit!

Ever felt like this? Get up and walk around for a bit!

Did you make a New Year’s resolution on January 1st? Was it to exercise more? New research published in the Annals of Internal Medicine finds that instead of just exercising more, we may actually need to sit less. The systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizes the results of 47 studies and comes to the conclusion that sitting for long periods of time can lead to an increased risk of early death, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. This is true even for those of us who are already active. The research finds that those who are physically active on a regular basis but still spend the majority of their time being sedentary, still have greater risk for adverse health effects than those who are not sedentary for long periods. Even those who exercise vigorously but still sit for long periods, have a greater mortality rate than those who are not sedentary for long periods of time. The bottom line seems to be that getting our 30 minutes of daily exercise is not enough to stay healthy in the long term. We need to move more and sit less all day, every day.

To reduce the time you spend sitting down during the day, try some of these tips:

– Get a standing desk or treadmill desk

– Take regular breaks when sitting at your desk to get up and walk around

– Use your smart phone or smart watch to remind you to get up every 10 or 15 minutes

– Instead of calling co-workers on the phone, make a habit of getting up and walking to their offices

– When watching TV at home, get up during commercial breaks and stretch or walk around your house

– Set a goal to try to reduce sedentary time by 2-3 hours in a 12 hour day

Try UCF Apps For All Your Software Needs!

Suppose it’s Friday evening after 5pm, and you have to give a last minute presentation to your department first thing Monday morning. You’re not finished creating it yet, but between taking the kids out to that movie they really want to see and picking the dog up from the vet before it closes, you really can’t stay at work any longer. You would work on the document at home over the weekend, but you don’t have the latest version of Microsoft PowerPoint on your laptop. The library is closed, or you would run to the second floor and checkout a laptop, and it’s not the IT department’s policy to load software onto personal devices. Looks like you’re staying at work a while longer, right?

Luckily enough, UCF has your back. Introducing UCF Apps!

From their website, “UCF Apps provides you access to software you need for your coursework from any device, at any time, from any where” – sounds like our kind of service, don’t you think? The multi-year project is being funded by the UCF Technology Fee, which has brought some neat things to the University in the past that you might not know about.

All current students, faculty, and staff have access to most of the available software applications UCF Apps is able to provide. Some of the basic software includes Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint, and even SPSS if statistical software is something you need to use.

To use UCF Apps on a computer running Windows or Mac OS, follow these instructions (for a video of the installation process, go here and skip to 0:57 seconds in):

  1. Go to
  2. Log in with your NID and NID password
  3. Install the Citrix Receiver client when prompted
  4. When the install is finished, add the applications you need by clicking the “+” on the left-hand side of the browser window
  5. Start using your apps and do all  the work!

If you’re all about using your Android or Apple iOS device (phone or tablet) instead of your laptop, you can utilize UCF Apps on those as well!

  1. Go to your device app store
  2. Search for, download, and install the free Citrix Receiver app
  3. Click add account and fill out the following information:
    1. Address:
    2. Username: Your NID
    3. Password: Your NID Password
    4. Domain: net
  4. Add the applications you need
  5. Continue to be amazed by your productivity!

If you’re looking for really specific instructions, the Get Help page on their site even breaks down the installation process by web browser.

It was mentioned above that you can always checkout a laptop from the library if you need one during our business hours (pending availability). We have some good software loaded on our devices, but if you can’t make it down to see us, we hope UCF Apps provides a great second option for you. As the service becomes more popular, it’s likely they’ll add some more software offerings to their catalog. To keep up with the latest from UCF Apps, follow them on Twitter @UCFApps.

Come Check Out Our Exhibit!

Every year, the Health Sciences Library works to bring in informative, historical, fun, and unique exhibits to the College of Medicine through the National Library of Medicine Traveling Exhibition Program. This year, we will be fortunate to host two exhibits; one is currently on display outside of the library.

The Literature of Prescription

“The Literature of Prescription” exhibit on display in the atrium

We are proud to host The Literature of Prescription: Charlotte Perkins Gilman and The Yellow Wall-Paper, which will be on display until Friday, January 23rd in the 2nd floor atrium. From the promotional brochure:

“In the late nineteenth century, women challenged traditions that excluded them from political and intellectual life as medical experts drew on notions of female weakness to justify inequality between the sexes. Artist and writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman, who was discouraged from pursuing a career to preserve her health, rejected these ideas in a terrifying short story title “The Yellow Wall-Paper.” Her famous tale served as an indictment of the medical profession and social conventions that restrict women’s professional and creative opportunities.”

The exhibit is open to the public for viewing, as well! Please note the business hours for the College of Medicine while planning your visit. If you can’t find an opportunity to come by the library to view the physical exhibit, you can visit the exhibition website to learn all about it.